Coronavirus (COVID-19) Explained

Coronavirus is an umbrella term for viruses, including SARS and Influenza. The current outbreak of coronavirus is the strain Covid-19. According to

Effective hand washing technique

So, you think you know how to wash your hands, but do you use an effective hand washing technique? Coronavirus (Covid-19) spreads

HAND SANTISERS: are we conditioned to believe that alcohol-free = less effective?

How easy is it for us to grasp the concept that there are hand sanitizers that exist which work just as effectively as alcohol sanitizers but contain no alcohol, and how do we begin to trust in them? You can’t see them working…so how do we know?

After all, alcohol sanitizers are a cheap, convenient method of killing germs on hands that have been scientifically proven to kill germs if the alcohol content is above 60%. Such sanitizers are especially cost effective if you have a family to cater to, so it makes sense that alcohol sanitizers would be the ideal choice for many.

But, in this day and age, with a global pandemic causing us as a society to sanitize and wash hands more frequently than we ever have before, our hands are becoming dry, damaged, irritated not to mention aged. The detrimental effects of frequent alcohol sanitizer should not be overlooked over cost. Skin health is important too.

This is because damaged skin is more susceptible to infection. What’s more, alcohol rubs are known to break down the lipid barrier on skin which in fact changes the skin’s flora which leads to an increase in bacteria on skin. This in turn requires more alcohol rub to counteract it. It becomes a vicious cycle to skin health.

So, how do we begin to trust in other sanitizing products?

First we must look at the scientific evidence. If it is not scientifically or clinically proven, by law the product cannot state it! So look for the evidence.

How do we know that alcohol-based hand sanitizer works? Science. We can’t see it has worked, but science tells us it did. This is the same for Fulvic Acid. Science says it is an effective antibacterial agent. And as technology progresses and new ingredients are discovered, it’s safe to assume that at some point, alcohol rubs will no longer be the only way to kill germs on hands – and that time, is now.

The active ingredient in the FulviSafe range is Carbohydrate Derived Fulvic Acid which has been clinically proven to be an effective antibacterial and antiviral. Studies have also found that CHD-FA kills over 100 germ species. All CHD-FA evidence can be found in our FAQ’s.

Next, we must change the way we understand sanitizing. It doesn’t need to burn or sting, damage skin or have that ‘overpowering’ smell to kill germs. We need to train our brains to understand and believe this concept – because it is true – our scientific studies prove this.

Finally, we must become acquainted with the idea that sometimes, the things that will benefit us most, cost a little more. This is because the ingredients are more superior to the cheaper alternatives. The best thing about FulviSafe is that a little goes a long way, just a pea-sized amount in fact with every use, so in the end, it becomes a cost effective sanitizer as, it lasts longer, has no detrimental effects upon skin and contains no alcohol so is safe for use on babies under 1 year old. Perfect for the whole family.

Carbohydrate Derived Fulvic Acid (CHD-FA™) and the Coronavirus (COVID -19)


In 2005 and 2006 the world experienced the SARS outbreak or bird flu. SARS stands for Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome and the virus was initially spread by birds and bats. 

SARS is a coronavirus similar to the present Covid-19 virus. A present search on Wikipedia states:

`The SARS related coronavirus was one of several viruses identified by the World Health Organisation in 2016 as a likely cause of a future epidemic in a new plan developed after the Ebola epidemic, for urgent research and development before and during an epidemic towards diagnostic tests, vaccines and medicines. This prediction has come to pass with the 2019-2020 coronavirus outbreak’.

The SARS-related coronavirus is an enveloped, positive sense, single stranded RNA virus that infects humans, bats, birds and other mammals.

During the last 10 days of December 2005 Fulhold Pharma Ltd conducted experiments with CHD-FA™ at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, USA to determine whether CHD-FA™ is able to neutralize Influenza strains X31, Pr8 (a recombinant Vietnamese strain containing the NS gene from H5N1), and the bird flu strain H5N1. Testing was done using both hem agglutination assays and plaque assays.

The conclusion of the test report states: `CHD-FA™ inactivates all strains of influenza virus tested. The results from this report, coupled with existing data relating to the antiviral activity of CHD-FA™ against many strains of HIV, Vaccinia and the SARS virus, further demonstrate the broad spectrum anti-viral nature of CHD-FA™’.

These results were presented at the First Annual Conference – Avian influenza in Humans, latest advances on prevention, therapies and protective measures, 29-20 June 2006, Paris, France.


Carbohydrate Derived Fulvic Acid (CHD-FA™) and the Coronavirus (COVID -19)


As presented in Part 1 there is compelling evidence for the testing of CHD-FA™ against the present coronavirus strain Covid-19. Fifteen years have passed since the original coronavirus testing and Fulhold Pharma Ltd has conducted further research and development during this time.

CHD-FA™ as far as we know, is the only fulvic acid in the world that is:

  • Pure, no heavy metals, no toxins and chemical residues.
  • The production process is consistent from batch to batch.
  • The process can be easily scaled up to meet volume requirements.
  • Is produced from a sustainable source.
  • The production process is a green technology, the only by products being carbon dioxide and water.
  • Has followed a typical pharmaceutical development program which is described below.
  1. Initial screening for efficacy

CHD-FA™ was initially screened for activity in vitro in four first world countries. The categories of screening were antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, type 2 diabetes and as a carrier of minerals into cells. This research is readily available to interested parties/ partners.

CHD-FA™ passed all tests in first world laboratories.

  • Safety and toxicity testing

Pharmaceutical safety and toxicity testing was performed over a two-year period at a Good Laboratory Practice (GLP) facility in the UK and passed all tests to the highest standard. As far as is known, no other fulvic acid has been subjected to such testing, primarily as they suffer from contaminants and would fail.

  • ADME testing

ADME stands for Adsorption, Distribution, Metabolism and Excretion of CHD-FA™ when both ingested and applied to the skin. The tests were performed at TNO in Holland in 2012.  TNO is a respected government test facility based in Zeist.

The reason for these tests was to find out what happens to CHD-FA™ when ingested or applied to the skin in an animal model. All tests were passed. Further skin testing was then performed in Germany at DermaConsult using the skin patch test to check for skin safety in humans. The report concluded that CHD-FA™ is harmless when applied to the skin. This period of research resulted in the formation of a cosmetic company based on CHD-FA™ as the active ingredient.

  • Humans ingested trials

Following successful safety and toxicity trials Fulhold undertook two human clinical trials for the ingested use of CHD-FA™.

The first study report was defined as: `A phase 1 clinical trial on the acute and sub-acute safety and proof of concept of CHD-FA™’.

The hypothesis was that CHD-FA™ was safe at the oral dosage tested and that CHD-FA™ demonstrated anti-inflammatory properties.

The study design was an investigational, single centre, randomized, double blind, placebo phase 1 safety study involving 30 subjects lasting 41 days.

The conclusion of the report stated: `No severe adverse events occurred, proving CHD-FA™ to be safe at the dosage tested, and with a significant decrease in wheal formation in the skin prick test, that CHD-FA™ acts as an anti-inflammatory agent. With all of the data from previous toxicity studies it can be stated with confidence that a daily dose of 15 ml CHD-FA™ diluted in water or juice, as recommended by the manufacturer, can be used safely for extended periods of time’.

This cannot be said for all other fulvic acids as they have not been subject to human clinical trials as they contain harmful contaminants.

The second study was a formulation of CHD-FA™ with selenium and L-glutamine which lasted 36 months with over 300 patients. The Investigational Drug Brochure Code was (FH0210).

Page 120 of the report concludes the following:

  • CHD-FA™ is indicated as a complementary treatment for a broad spectrum of bacterial, viral and fungal conditions.
  • No contraindications noted.
  • No special warnings for use.
  • No indication of interaction with other medicines.
  • No trials on pregnant or lactating women have been conducted. Trials on pregnant animals have indicated no toxicity.
  • CHD-FA™ has no narcotic effect.
  • Occasional instances of diarrhoea and / or mild headache have been noted at the beginning of treatment. These have all disappeared after a day or two.
  • No special first aid measures are required for inhalation, ingestion or skin contact.
  • Contact with eyes or open wounds can cause stinging due to low pH. In such cases rinsing with water will relieve symptoms. Without rinsing the symptoms only last a few seconds.
  • Safety trials up to 80 ml per day (administered as 40 ml twice per day) have noted no adverse effects.

CHD-FA™ is thus a safe candidate to advance to clinical trials in humans following successful in- vitro testing against coronavirus strain Covid-19.


Coronavirus (COVID-19) Explained

Coronavirus is an umbrella term for viruses, including SARS and Influenza. The current outbreak of coronavirus is the strain Covid-19.

According to the World Health Organisation (WHO) coronaviruses are zoonotic meaning they can be transmitted between animals and humans.

Common symptoms of Covid-19 include:

  • Respiratory symptoms
  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath and breathing difficulties

People over 65 years old and those with underlying health conditions such as diabetes or other conditions are considered to be significantly more vulnerable to this infection and can lead to pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and unfortunately, even death.

How does coronavirus (Covid-19) cause death?

If you are unlucky enough to catch the virus, hopefully you are one of those who experiences milder symptoms that reside only in the upper respiratory tract (that is above the trachea/windpipe) with symptoms such as a sore throat, nasal congestion, fever or dry cough.

But for those with underlying health conditions or are over 65 years of age, the situation can worsen considerably. Covid-19 can invade the cells of your lower respiratory tract (bronchi and alveoli) causing severe difficulty breathing. Lungs efficiency can become hindered, starving the body of oxygen which can lead to pneumonia. Pneumonia happens when the alveoli part of your lungs become inflamed and fill with pus and fluids.

Once Covid-19 reaches the lungs, the immune system goes into overdrive, doing more harm than good because the root invader may not even be found, and the influx of cells to the lungs could damage existing respiratory cells. Not to mention, as the immune system is fighting the infection, other bacteria is able to invade the body causing a secondary infection that your immune system can’t fight as it is still fighting the first infection.

Because of this, if lung damage becomes extensive and can no longer exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide, the body goes into respiratory failure. At this point, a ventilator is needed to help the patient breathe as they can no longer breathe on their own.

Worst still, Covid-19 can affect you yet another way. In a bid to eradicate the infection, the immune system could start sending chemicals and cells all over the body not just to the respiratory tract, which could inevitably damage many more cells in the body than just in the respiratory tract. In this case, blood pressure drops and organs begin to fail.

What can I do to prevent the spread of coronavirus (Covid-19)?

As the infection has never been seen before, recommendations on how to prevent infection spread remain the best advice. These recommendations, according to WHO, include regular hand washing, covering mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing, and to avoid touching your face. It is also recommended to thoroughly cook meat and eggs. Previous advice was to avoid close contact with anyone showing symptoms of respiratory illness such as coughing and sneezing but since case numbers are increasing rapidly most large cities are encouraging the avoidance of close contact (one meter or three feet) with people and more specifically self-isolation where possible.

Can I avoid catching coronavirus (Covid-19)?

It is unknown if you can avoid catching it. From what is known, it is highly contagious and easily passed from person to person. The best thing to do is remain vigilant with your own hand hygiene as well as your household’s family members (especially children who may be carriers or asymptomatic) and in being vigilant with your own hygiene, this should help prevent spread.

It is important in this uncertain time to not ‘react’ but act accordingly. Panic is not helpful. Neither is being dismissive of the infections existence. Though most cases do not result in death (in fact, globally, about 3.4% of cases have died), until a vaccine is created, preventing the spread is all we can do to help protect ourselves and our loved ones. So, stay vigilant with hand hygiene and if you feel you may have mild upper respiratory tract symptoms, self-isolate.

handwashing-technique fulvisafe

Effective hand washing technique

So, you think you know how to wash your hands, but do you use an effective hand washing technique? Coronavirus (Covid-19) spreads easily from person to person, most likely through the virus on hands being transferred to surfaces other people have contact with. This could be a supermarket trolley, money, door handles…any surface. And this virus can live on surfaces for up to 12 hours, so it is likely we will all come into contact with the virus at some point.

But if we all maintained our hand cleanliness, and adopted an effective hand washing technique, we may be able to do our part to help prevent the spread of Covid-19 which is affecting so many people, especially the vulnerable.

Below are images to show you how it is done correctly courtesy of the NHS

NHS Handwashing Fulvisafe

When should you wash your hands?

According to NHS guidelines you should wash your hands after blowing your nose/sneezing or coughing; changing a nappy or going to the toilet, before and after handling raw meat, before eating or handling food and after touching animals.

At this present time, it is a good idea to wash hands as soon as you get home from wherever you have been especially if you have been on public transport.  In the meantime, when you are outdoors with no means of hand washing, sanitizing seems to be the next best option.

FulviSafe provides effective antibacterial and antiviral protection to hands without the use of alcohol. Its patented ingredient Carbohydrate Derived Fulvic Acid (CHD-FA™) is clinically proven to work and is safe for use on babies.

Unlike conventional hand sanitizers, FulviSafe barrier cream and hand sanitizer do not contain alcohol. CHD-FA™ has actually been proven to help support skin’s health too – so no dry, cracked skin from excessive use of alcohol-based sanitisers. Its antibacterial, antiviral and anti-fungal properties mean FulviSafe can provide effective hand hygiene whilst you are outdoors until you reach a destination with hand washing facilities.

Hand washing is a simple, yet effective way to help prevent the spread of germs and unfortunately there are still many people who do not wash their hands throughout the day nor thoroughly enough. Think. Protect yourself and others and wash your hands effectively.

When will the virus peak in the UK

When will the Coronavirus peak in the UK?

How can we help?

Many of us are questioning when will the coronavirus peak in the UK? The answer is unknown, but speculation from health experts suggest it will peak within 10-14 weeks, meaning that most people will contract Covid-19 late May to late June.

Even though the UK has closed its doors to many social venues including restaurants, pubs, clubs cafés, cinemas, theatres and more, health officials believe that it will get worse before it gets better.

As many people in England continue to ignore social distancing advice, the spread continues. People need to take this situation seriously in order for change to begin. It is the hope that with the closing of social venues, allowing more people to work from home and social distancing, will be enough to push back the peak into summer, allowing the flu season to pass, so the NHS will be under less strain and better equipped to deal with the infection.

What should we expect?

England’s chief medical officer, Professor Chris Whitty, said Britons with cold, flu or fever symptoms could soon to be asked to stay at home in self-isolation. Self-isolation means stay indoors for 14 days from onset of symptoms. Do not go for a walk and do not have visitors. Self-isolating helps protect the most vulnerable of society.

Many people who contract Covid-19 will only experience mild or moderate symptoms, such as fever and cough, but for some people such as the elderly or those with underlying health problems such as chronic respiratory disease, it can lead to severe illness, such as pneumonia.

Prof Whitty said he was expecting the numbers of cases to increase initially quite slowly but really quite fast after a while and we have to catch it before the upswing begins.

What can we do to help ourselves and the wider community?

Self-isolate for 14 days if you experience any symptoms such as a fever or a sudden, dry continuous cough. This will also help protect vulnerable people in society. Do not have visitors. Do not go out. Try to sleep alone and stay at least 3 steps away from anyone in your household.

Practice social distancing by limiting face-to-face contact, if you go for a walk, stay 3 steps (or 2 metres) away from others, and if necessary, self-isolate.

Cover your mouth with a tissue when coughing or sneezing, throw it away, then wash or sanitize your hands immediately after. Sanitize your hands with FulviSafe products throughout the day when you are not able to wash them. If you can wash them, wash them for 20-30 seconds thoroughly. This timescale applies every time you wash your hands. Wash your hands when you get home to help prevent any spread in your home and protect your loved ones.

The current coronavirus strain sweeping the globe shows no signs of slowing. Experts expect a peak here in the UK at the end of Spring – early Summer. We must, as a society, look after ourselves in order to look after our most vulnerable. Hand washing is a simple yet effective way to help prevent the spread. Hand hygiene should be practiced throughout the day to protect yourself and others. Self-isolating is necessary to help prevent the spread. Help yourself, the NHS and the most vulnerable in society by keeping hands clean and self-isolating. Together, we can help prevent the spread of coronavirus (covid-19).

Things to do whilst self-isolating

If you are self-isolating and wondering what to do – you’re not the only one. Many self-isolating are doing so as they have experienced a symptom or two that could indicate coronavirus (Covid-19). If that is the case, more than likely you are in bed recovering from mild symptoms. Once those symptoms pass, its likely boredom will set in. So here are a few things you could be doing with your time:

Binge-watch box sets or movies or both! Thanks to Netflix and other streaming links TV is at our mercy and control. Enjoy hours of endless, mind-numbing television without moving a muscle.

Exercising. On the other hand, although it’s not everyone’s favourite thing to do, it IS a great way to boost energy as well as help improve the body’s systems. Increase oxygen uptake and wake up some unused muscle groups. Will improve mood and decrease stress levels.

Read. It’s not often we get lost in a good book, but at some point in life before films and box sets took over our lives, people used to read for enjoyment. Rekindle that love for reading and get lost in a good story.

Learn to cook. Let’s face it, Google has an innumerable amount of recipes to choose from. We really have no excuse.

Learn a language. Set yourself a challenge. Who knows what you can achieve in 2 weeks under house-arrest?

Spring clean. An obvious choice. Whilst you are sitting in your house looking around, seeing all the places that need a good clean but you never had the time to do. Well, now there’s time. Before you know it the house will be as clean as it was this time last year (probably).

Decorate. Sprucing up the house will help to tolerate it. Looking and feeling like new your home will be as refreshed as you by the end of 14 days.

Do some DIY and odd jobs. All those little jobs you put off can be done now. Putting up shelves, fixing taps, hanging pictures – you name it, you can do it.

Video call. Remember to make time to stay in touch with loved ones for sanity as well as a good gossip whilst setting the world to rights.

And if you don’t feel like doing any of the above things, then quite simply don’t. It is important to remember that everyone is experiencing some sort of trauma at this time and each person reacts differently. Some might become highly productive and others might become depressed and insulated. Emotional and mental health should also be a high priority.

In the meantime, it’s important to continue to practice good hand hygiene, washing hands for 20-30 seconds where hand washing is possible or use hand sanitizer or barrier cream such as FulviSafe to help kill germs on hands and help prevent the spread of infection.


Hand sanitizers have become a part of the ‘new normal’ today.

They are readily available and come in foams, gels and sprays in an array of scents. But have you looked at the ingredients? And what are the hidden dangers of hand sanitisers on your skin and health in general?

Alcohol Hand Sanitisers

Possibly the most widely used ingredient is alcohol, either in the form of ethyl alcohol or isopropyl alcohol. Ethyl alcohol is the form of alcohol that is found in alcoholic beverages. The recommended concentration of alcohol in hand sanitiser is between 70 and 95% or roughly twice the concentration in vodka or tequila. It is thus not surprising that the use of sanitisers containing alcohol can lead to skin problems over time. In an article by Haley Richardson in the UK Daily Mail, March 2020, London based dermatologist Emma Coleman warned against the use of alcohol-based hand sanitising gels saying `they can be harmful to the skin as it is drying and disrupts the skin's normal barrier function and accelerates ageing’Triclosan Hand Sanitisers

Another common active ingredient is Triclosan. Triclosan is linked to several health problems. In an article from 2014 by Jim Cramer in the USA titled '5 hidden dangers of hand sanitisers’ he raised issues about the use of triclosan which is labelled as an antibiotic and he said that the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) found that Triclosan could carry unnecessary risks. These include:

  • Triclosan contributes to making bacteria resistant to antibiotics. In a 2011 study by the Epidemic Intelligence service in the US, researchers found that health care employees who were most likely to use hand sanitisers regularly were six times more at risk of outbreaks of norovirus, which causes most cases of acute gastroenteritis.
  • Triclosan may lead to hormonal disruptions. Animal studies have shown that the compound could change the way hormones work in the body, raising concerns and warranting further investigation to better understand how they might affect humans.
  • Studies have shown that Triclosan can also harm the immune system which protects the body against disease. Researchers in the US found that Triclosan may negatively affect human immune function. Compromising the immune system can make people more susceptible to allergies and more vulnerable to the toxic chemical Bisphenol-A which is found in plastic packaging. In the study, children and teens were more likely to be diagnosed with hay fever and other allergies.

The Cramer article also cited scents used in hand sanitisers saying scents are loaded with toxic chemicals. Companies are not required to disclose the ingredients that make up their ‘secret scents’. Synthetic fragrances contain phthalates which are endocrine disruptors that mimic hormones and can alter genital development. The inclusion of parabens as a preservative is a further ingredient that should be avoided according to the article.

The bottom line: read labels and stay away from harmful alcohol-based sanitisers and keep hands re-moisturised daily. FulviSafe Hand Sanitizer and Barrier Cream contain no alcohol, no toxins and no harmful chemical compounds (bleach) and so won’t dry out your skin and damage it. The active ingredient CHD-FA is clinically proven to kill 99.99% of all known germs and will keep your skin protected and nourished.

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